INAE Monthly E-News Letter Vol. VIII, Issue 7, July 1, 2017


 (+) Academy Activities

From the Editor’s Desk

Only a smart hires a real smart

Who has better chance of survival — the most selfish or the least selfish? What is better for survival — combat or networking, competition or cooperation?

According to one view, evolution by natural s Read more...

Purnendu Ghosh
Chief Editor of Publications

 Editorial Board, INAE
Academy News
 (+) Articles by INAE Fellows

Dr Purnendu Ghosh

Dr Baldev Raj

Dr K V Raghavan

Dr Sanak Mishra

Prof. Indranil Manna

Prof BS Murty

Prof Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay

Prof Pradip Dutta

Prof Manoj K Tiwari

Prof Sanjay Mittal

Prof Prasun K Roy

Brig Rajan Minocha

 (+) Engineering and Technology Updates
 (+) Engineering Innovation in India
 (+) Previous E-newsletter
 

From the Editor’s Desk

Only a smart hires a real smart

Who has better chance of survival — the most selfish or the least selfish? What is better for survival — combat or networking, competition or cooperation?

According to one view, evolution by natural selection shapes organisms to fit their environment. Another view claims that living things alter their world to suit their needs.  In nature, survival is based on adaptability, connectivity, communication, and cooperation. In other words, it is the whole ecosystem that has to evolve, if one wants to evolve. One of the messages is ‘if you want to succeed, others must succeed as well’. In other words, both competitive and cooperative spirits must co-exist for a healthy evolution.

According to one interpretation, the driving force of evolution is not to be found in the chance events of random mutations but in life’s inherent tendency to create novelty.  This view recognises that cooperation in the evolutionary process is of vital importance. Some believe that “life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking.”

Combat happens because in some situations, combat can’t be avoided.  Competition and cooperation are essential, as growth and decay are, for our existence and continuance. Compete and when that is over, sync and swim together. “You don’t have to be perfectly adapted to survive; you just have to be as well adapted as your competitors.”  We are more like chameleons. We instinctively change our behaviour as per the demands of our surroundings. Selfishness works only in the presence of goodness. A person of competitive spirits likes to be surrounded by the most competent. Only a smart hires a real smart.

According to a theory, called the broken windows theory put forward by James Wilson and George Kelling, people who are otherwise well-behaved, are more likely to commit crimes in neighbourhoods with broken windows. The ‘broken window’ area’s residents don’t care enough to maintain their property. The theory, rightly or wrongly, suggests that broken windows encourage vandalism. The more litter there is, more the waste accumulates.

 

ACADEMY ACTIVITIES

Academy Announcements

  • Nominations have been invited for Innovative Student Projects Award 2017. The last date of the receipt of nominations is July 7, 2017.

11th National Frontiers of Engineering Symposium (NatFOE-11)

The Eleventh National Frontiers of Engineering Symposium (NatFoE-11) is being held from June 30-July 1, 2017 at IIT Bombay.  Prof. DV Khakhar, Director, IIT Bombay has agreed to host the NatFOE-11 Symposium at IIT Bombay and Prof. Amit Agarwal, FNAE, IIT Bombay is the Coordinator of the event.   The symposium has four themes as under:

  • Alternate and Advanced Fuels
  • Manufacturing and heat transfer for Aerospace applications
  • Technology for improving Childcare and Mothercare
  • Technology for tackling fog and pollutants.

The Technical Program includes Plenary Talks, Keynote Addresses, Lectures and presentations by young engineers from Industry/Academia/R&D and Policy makers. The event is envisaged to be attended by 30-40 Young Engineers from Academia/R&D/Industry.

Dr. Abdul Kalam Technology Innovation National Fellowship

INAE and DST have taken an initiative to institute a Senior Level Fellowship in the area of Engineering.  The subject Fellowship shall be considered to be named after “Abdul Kalam Engineering Innovation Fellowship”. The guidelines for instituting the subject Fellowship has since been formulated and shall be announced shortly. The draft guidelines and proforma for Dr. Abdul Kalam Technology Innovation National Fellowship were discussed during the recently held INAE-DST Consultative Committee meeting held on May 15, 2017 at DST. A maximum of ten Fellowships were decided to be instituted which will be funded by DST. The objective of the fellowship is to recognize, encourage and support translational research by individuals to achieve excellence in engineering, innovation and technology development. Efforts are ongoing to finalize the guidelines and launch the Fellowship by Aug 15, 2017

INAE Kanpur Local Chapter

Brief details regarding recent events conducted by the INAE Kanpur Local Chapter are given below.

    • Half Day Workshop on Intellectual Property: A Strategic Enabler for Translational Research and Development

      INAE Kanpur chapter organized a half-day workshop on Intellectual Property: A Strategic Enabler for Translational Research and Development on April 08, 2017. This interactive workshop witnessed over 25 participants, mainly faculty members and post-doctoral researchers from IIT Kanpur, Harcourt Butler Technical Institute, Kanpur, Defence Materials & Stores Research & Development, Kanpur, Dean of Research and Development office, SIDBI Innovation and Incubation Center, Biomaterials Processing and Characterization Laboratory, and Samtel Center for Display Technology, among others. The participants were welcomed by Prof. K. Muralidhar, President, INAE Kanpur Chapter. Prof. Sameer Khandekar, Associate Dean Innovation and Incubation, IIT Kanpur provided the background and impetus for conducting this workshop. Prof. Indranil Manna, Director IIT Kanpur and Vice-President, INAE, elaborated on the importance of protecting IP and the need for such a workshop in this day and age.

      Dr. Debankur Bandyopadhyay emphasized the importance of Intellectual Property and how academicians often under-value this aspect. He highlighted, with real-life examples, inventions from various researchers and scientists that were not recognized just because the inventors had not patented their work. He emphasized the aspect of protecting business by filing patents. He also mentioned that adequate protection of an idea is good strategy, and that patenting can enhance the value of the company. IP protection must not be ignored even by start-ups since an incubating company, after securing IP rights, enhances its firmness in the market and provides an edge over its competitors. Dr. Debankur Bandyopadhyay listed two key types of IPs: (i) Copyright, an exclusive legal right available for one over another to copy, distribute, create, derive and adopt artistic material; and (ii) Patents, which provide rights to the owner of a device idea and prevents a third party from making, using, offering for sale the product without consent of the owner. Patents hold an edge as they provide legal rights to the owners with Claims as the enforceable part of a patent. Further, Dr. Debankur highlighted the importance of utilizing ‘Trademark’ and ‘Tradename’ in business. The talk was interactive, and questions raised were responded to, in detail.

      Dr. Debankur was emphatic that a patentable item must have the attributes of: (i) being novel and new, (ii) non-obvious, (iii) having an inventive step, and (iv) being useful. An agency that encourages patenting includes WIPO (World IP organization) and supporting agreements include PCT (Patent corporation treaty) and TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights). Patent filing is expensive and one must ensure that holding a patent at a certain cost is commensurate with its usefulness and value.

      The workshop ended with many real-life examples and specific questions stemming from the experience of the participants. Overall, the event was satisfying, with a similar workshop for undergraduate and doctoral students being planned for the future. The successful conduct of the workshop on IP: A Strategic Enabler for Translational Researchand Development impacted the participants in a very positive manner.

    • Life in the IIT System Talks by and discussion with Professor S. P. Sukhatme &  Professor S.P. Mehrotra

      INAE Kanpur Chapter, successfully organized a half day event on Life in the IIT System on March 25, 2017 at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur. This event witnessed talks by and discussions with Prof. S.P. Sukhatme (Professor Emeritus, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay), and Prof. S.P. Mehrotra (Retd. Faculty, IIT Kanpur & Ex-Director, NML Jamshedpur). At the outset, Prof. S.P. Sukhatme and Prof. S.P. Mehrotra were welcomed by Prof. Indranil Manna, Director IIT Kanpur and Vice-President INAE. Prof. Sukhatme did express that this visit marks 50 years from when he had visited IIT Kanpur first. Prof. Mehrotra also marked his affiliation with IIT Kanpur to be over 49 years long.

At first, Prof. S.P. Sukhatme’s biosketch was read by Prof. Yogesh Joshi, Vice-Chair, INAE Kanpur Chapter. During the talk, Prof. Sukhatme provided a detailed history on the making of IITs starting from the Sarkar committee onwards. He stressed on the four pillars that make a successful IIT system: (i) students, (ii) faculty, (iii) funding, and (iv) administration. He, then, focused on the aspects expected of a faculty for making an impact on global community via incorporating proper plan of action, good teaching, pursuing research, consultancy and outreach, remaining committed and learning to live with pressure. Prof. Sameer Khandekar served as a moderator for the hour long discussion session. This talk was followed with a tea-break of fifteen minutes.

The biosketch of Prof. S.P. Mehrotra was read by Prof. Kantesh Balani, Secretary, INAE Kanpur Chapter. In the second talk, Prof. S.P. Mehrotra highlighted the history of IIT Kanpur. His vigour and enthusiasm could make you feel the energy and vibrance he felt when he had joined the institute as a student (in 1963), which continued will late into the 1980s. He also highlighted the reasons of why the institute’s research profile continued to rise despite the setbacks of 1960-1970s faced by the country. He attributed this trend to the sense of belonging everyone felt for the institute. He emphasized that the excellence of the institute in the prime years was mainly due to the new ideas that were driven by the young minds. He also highlighted the necessity of bringing such a change back to provide new thrust to the system. Again, Prof. S. Khandekar moderated the hour long interaction session of Prof. Mehrotra with the faculty.

Prof. K. Muralidhar, Chair INAE Kanpur Chapter was instrumental in overseeing the successful conduct of the event. The program witnessed interaction of over 40 participants with Prof. S.P. Sukahtme and Prof. S.P. Mehrotra. The presence of Prof. Manindra Agrawal, Deputy Director, IIT Kanpur and Prof. Indranil Manna, Director, IIT Kanpur emphasized the importance of this interaction session. The animated questions and enthusiastic discussions for over an hour that followed after the 45 minute talks indicate the relevance and importance of the information conveyed by the elite speakers. Overall, this event conducted by INAE, Kanpur Chapter, was a great success.

INAE on Facebook and Twitter

INAE has created a Facebook and twitter Account to post the news of recent INAE activities in the Social Media. The same can be viewed at the link below.
(a) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Indian-National-Academy-of-Engineering/714509531987607?ref=hl
(b) Twitter handle link https://twitter.com/inaehq1

All INAE Fellows are requested to visit and follow the above to increase the visibility of INAE in Social media.

Creation of Data for INAE Expert Pool

INAE Expert Pool was created with the aim of identifying domain experts in various disciplines of engineering. There has been a good response from the Fellows and Young Associates in uploading their particulars on the INAE Expert Pool website. The INAE Fellows and Young Associates who have not uploaded their particulars are requested to submit their profile details online at the link http://inae.in/expert-search/index.php/inae-members-form

The details of the INAE expert Pool have since been shared with DST, TIFAC, Niti Aayog and Office of PSA. The creation of the website on Expert Pool has been appreciated by all the agencies and the data would be used by them in identifying suitable domain experts and to involve the experts in their activities.

Important Meetings held during June 2017

  • Finance Committee Meeting on June 22, 2017 Chaired by Dr BN Suresh, President, INAE wherein the main agenda included approving of the Balance Sheet and the Income & Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st March 2017 and considering the  Budget Estimate for the year 2017 -18.
  • Selection Committee on Lifetime Contribution Award; Prof Jai Krishna/Prof SN Mitra Memorial Awards and Outstanding Teachers Award on June 22, 2017 Chaired by Dr BN Suresh, President, INAE wherein the main agenda included recommendations pertaining to  selection of awardees.
  • Governing Council meeting on June 22, 2017 Chaired by Dr BN Suresh, President, INAE wherein the main Agenda included approval of the recommendations of the SelectionCommittee on Lifetime Contribution Award; Prof Jai Krishna/Prof SN Mitra Memorial Awards and Outstanding Teachers Award and Finance Committee Meeting and laying of Annual Report 2016-17
  • Sectional Committee Meetings on June 23, 2017 Chaired by the Convenors of the Sectional Committees wherein the main agenda included second round of shortlisting of the nominees for election to INAE Fellowship and candidates to be called for presentations before the Selection Committee for INAE Young  Engineer Award.
  • General Body Meeting on June 23, 2017 Chaired by Dr BN Suresh, President, INAE  wherein the main Agenda included considering and adopting the Balance Sheet and the Income & Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st March 2017 and  to receive and adopt the Annual Report 2016-17 and conduct of a Brain Storming Session for inputs from Fellows for enhancing the activities of the Academy.

Academia Industry Interaction

AICTE-INAE Distinguished Visiting Professorship Scheme

Industry-academia interactions over technological changes have become essential in recent times so that relevant knowledge that would be sustainable in the changing conditions can be imparted to the students in the engineering institutions. While industries could gain by using the academia’s knowledge base to improve the industry’s cost, quality and global competitive dimensions; thereby reducing dependence on foreign know-how and expenditure on internal R&D, academics benefit by seeing their knowledge and expertise being fruitfully utilized practically and also by strengthening of curricula of educational programs being offered at engineering colleges/institutions. INAE together with All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) launched “AICTE-INAE Distinguished Visiting Professorship Scheme” in 1999. Under this scheme, Industry experts are encouraged to give a few lectures in engineering institutions. This scheme has become popular among industry experts as well as engineering colleges.  

Brief details pertaining to recent visits of industry experts under this scheme are given below.

Dr. BC Pai CSIR Emeritus Scientist, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST) Government College of Engineering, Tirunelveli Apr 4, 2017 Delivered lectures on “Corrosion Engineering”,” “Motivational talk” and “Surface Coatings”. Guided projects and helped suggesting a change in curriculum. According to the feedback from the engineering college, the interaction between industry expert and students enhances research contributions of students and hence such a scheme should be encouraged.
Dr MR Kalgal Senior Vice-President, UltraTech Cement Ltd., Bangalore BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore Apr 10, 17, 2017 Delivered lectures on “Sustainable Constructions-Eco-Data”, “Sustainable Constructions – Rating Systems”. According to the feedback from the engineering college this is a very useful programme for academic institutes. The DVP’s lectures provide a new direction and thought process to students.
Dr Chaitanyamoy Ganguly Retired Distinguished Scientist, DAE Jadavpur University, Kolkata Apr 19-20,2017 Delivered lectures on “Nuclear Fuel Cycle I-Importance of Nuclear Safety, Security & Safeguards” and ” Nuclear Fuel Cycle II-Importance of Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards”. Has also proposed change in the curriculum.


International Conferences/Seminars being organized by IITs/other Institutions To view a list of International Conferences/Seminars being held in the month of July 2017click here

 

News of Fellows

1

Prof. N. Raghavan, FNAE, Professor of Practice IIT Madras is the Co-Chair of the “Indian Lean Construction Conference: Continuing on the Lean Journey for Indian Construction- ILCC 2017” being held on July 27-29, 2017 at IIT Madras, Chennai. Further details regarding the conference may be viewed at the link www.web.iitm.ac.in/ilcc2017/

2

Prof. Sanjit K. Mitra, FNAE, Research Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara was recognized as a pioneer in the area of circuits & systems and presented a talk in the special session on “Pioneers of Circuits & Systems II” held during the 50th IEEE International Symposium on Circuits & Systems at Baltimore, Maryland, USA on May 28-31, 2017. Two special sessions entitled “50 Years of Circuits, Systems & Signals: A Session in Honour of Prof. Sanjit K. Mitra, FNAE,” (Parts I and II)were also conducted.  Nine papers by authors from Brazil, India, Italy, Singapore, and USA were presented in these two sessions.

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